UV Radiation & Your Skin

Hello and welcome to our new health and beauty blog.

It is soon officially summer, which I for one can not wait for. I love how things light up in the sun, flowers bloom, the warmth on your skin, the long summer nights and I think it is safe to say the sun just makes us all smile!

We had some beautiful weather in May, with little rain. As much as the rain is needed at times, I think given our current circumstances the sun has lifted our spirits - I hope!

As beautiful as the sunny weather is, it comes with its risk factors. These 'risk factors' are not just during the summer months, they can occur every single day of the year even in the gloomiest cold, wet wintery months.

Something we should all be aware of is the dangers and the power that UV RAYS on our health and skin.

Firstly, UV stands for Ultra Violet Rays

The Sun produces 3 different types of UV Rays, you may be thinking 3? I thought their was only 1 (or 2)

Sadly one type of UV Rays often gets forgotten about - UV C Rays.

So we know the sun comes up and goes down every day - 365 days a year.

The sun is the star at the centre of the Solar System. It is a nearly perfect sphere of hot plasma, with internal convective motion that generates a magnetic field via a dynamo process. It is the most important source of energy for life on Earth.

Ultra Violet is a form of electromagnetic radiation with wavelength from 10 nm (with a corresponding frequency of approximately 30 PHz) to 400 nm (750 THz) shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-Rays, UV Radiation is present in sunlight, and constitutes about 10% of the total electromagnetic radiation output from the sun.

Understanding the basics about UV radiation and how it damages your skin is an important first step in learning how to safe guard yourself against skin cancer.

The great news is that the danger posed by UV Radiation can be greatly reduced by YOU! Yes you! Always take smart protective measures to protect yourself and others.Unprotected exposure to UV Rays damages the DNA in the skin cells, producing genetic defects, or mutations, that can lead to skin cancer (as well as premature ageing of the skin) These rays can also cause eye damage, including cataracts and eyelid cancers.

What is at stake?

UV Radiation is a proven cause of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and sqamous cell carcinoma (SCC), which often appear on the sun exposed areas of skin. Fortunately, when discovered early enough, these common forms of skin cancer are almost always curable.

What you need to know -

A majority of non melanoma skin cancers and a large percentage of melanomas are associated with exposure to UV radiation from the sun.

UV exposure is a powerful attack on the skin, creating damage that can range from prematurely ageing such as wrinkles to dangerous forms of skin cancer.

Damage from UV exposure is cumulative and increases your skin cancer risk over time. While your body can repair from some of the DNA damage in the skin cells, it can not repair all of it. The unrepaired damage builds up over time and triggers mutations that cause skin cells to multiply rapidly. This could lead to malignant tumours.

The degree of damage depends on the intensity of UV rays and the length of time your skin has been exposed without protection. Location is also a factor, if you live where the sun is stronger all year round, your exposure level and risk increases.

You can easily reduce your likelihood of developing skin cancer by taking care to protect yourself against UV radiation.

Ok so that is the technical part, lets talk about the different types of the Ultra Violet Rays.

We have UV A, UV B and UV C.

UV A - Facts and Risks


UVA Rays cause tanning and the shorter wavelengths of UVA also cause sunburn. There is no such thing as a safe or healthy tan. UVA Radiation is proven to contribute to the development of skin cancer.

UVA is connected to the 'broad spectrum protection' you see on the labels of sunscreen products. Early sunscreens only protect your skin from UVB rays, but once it was understood how dangerous UVA rays were, sunscreen manufacturers began adding ingredients to protect you from both UVA and UVB rays across this broader spectrum.

UVA rays, while slightly less intense than UVB, penetrate your skin more deeply. Exposure causes genetic damage to cells on the innermost part of the top layer of skin, where most skin cancers occur. The skin tries to prevent the further damage by darkening, resulting in a tan. Over time, UVA also leads to premature ageing of the skin and skin cancer.

UVA radiation is the main type of light used in most tanning beds. Once thought safe, we know now it is the opposite.

UVA is everywhere. UVA accounts for up to 95% of the entire UV radiation reaching the earth. These rays maintain the same levels of strength during daylight hours throughout the year. This means that during a lifetime, we are exposed to a high level of UVA rays.

UVA can penetrate windows and cloud cover.

UVB RAYS - Facts and Risks

Think of B as BURNING - UV B Rays BURN

UVB penetrates and damages the outermost layers of the skin. Over exposure causes a suntan, sun burn and in severe cases blistering of the skin.

UVB rays is connected to the sun protection factor (SPF) on labels of sunscreen products. The SPF number tells you how long the suns radiation, including some UVA Rays, would take to redden the skin when using that product compared to the time without sunscreen.

UVB intensity fluctuates. While the sun rays are strongest and pose a higher risk late morning to mid afternoon from spring to fall in the temperate climates and even greater time spans in tropical climates, UVB rays can cause damage to your skin all year round, especially at high altitudes or on reflective surfaces like snow and ice.

UVB rays can be filtered and do not penetrate glass.

UVC RAYS - Risks and Factors

Think of C as CARCINOGEN

UVC Rays effects on the human body vary depending on the length of exposure but can cause painful burns on the skin. It can cause temporary damage to the cornea if observed directly.

UVC is a known carcinogen for human skin

UVC radiation refers to wavelength shorter than 280 nm. These wavelengths are entirely absorbed by our atmosphere and no natural UVC radiation reaches the surface of the earth. These wavelengths are available to us through artificial sources such as UVC LED'S or mercury lamps.


Despite the risk factors, you can safely and happily enjoy the great outdoors by protecting your skin against UV exposure with broad spectrum sunscreen and sun safe clothing, hats and eye wear. You can also consider a UV window film for your home or car.


Protect yourself every single day, even when it is raining, cold, miserable and dark.

What Should I use on my skin?

As an experienced beauty therapist and skin specialist of 15 years, I have used personally and professionally a huge variety of beauty products; including SPF's

I highly highly HIGHLY recommend the BeautyLab London Ultra Defence Hydrator SPF 50

100% Natural

Highly Active Ingredients


Full Spectrum Daily Hydrator with Sun Protection Factor 50

  • Anti Ageing

  • Protecting

  • Hydrating

Suitable for all skin types

A breakthrough formula that provides full spectrum protection. Sunscreens, polysaccharides, peptides,, green tea and rosemary work in synergy to strengthen, repair, smooth and defend. This multi functional cream is light, gentle, quickly absorbed and will leave your skin feeling instantly hydrated, calm and protected.

Main Active Ingredients -

Alteromanas Extract, Polysaccharides, Ethyl Ferulate, Green Tea, Rosemary

How To Apply -

Apply each morning to cleansed and toned skin. Use light cirrcular motions, avoiding the eyearea. Re apply during prolonged sun exposure or after bathing / swimming or exercise.

Cruelty Free

This product is available for retail at Moroccan Rose.

A MUST HAVE ESSENTIAL all year round!

To order yours, please email moroccanrosebeauty@hotmail.co.uk

50 ml - £42

Lasts 6 months

Well worth the extra splurge. An investment in your skin and body health!

I hope you have enjoyed this months health and beauty blog.

Please give it a red heart on the post if you enjoyed it and please share with your friends as it is really important to understand the dangers of UV RADIATION

Follow and connect with us on social media

FACEBOOK - @MoroccanRoseHornchurch

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Until next time stay safe, healthy and enjoy the sunshine

Best Wishes


Founder and Beauty Therapist

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